The novel coronavirus- why, when what, how- everything answered!
It’s a pandemic. The word has created so much hullabaloo in the universe. Pandemic diseases are those diseases or virus epidemics that have spread across a large region, for instance, multiple continents, or worldwide. This new novel coronavirus officially named as Covid-19 by the World Health Organization (WHO) has shaken countries around the world. The scale of +ve coronavirus is climbing each passing day. What’s painful here is there is no treatment or vaccine yet founded to treat this novel virus. Thousands of people are killed, the world shuts down in the wake of the corona pandemic, including India. Covid-19 is an alarm to be taken very seriously.
What is Coronavirus ?
According to WHO , Coronavirus (Cov) or Covid-19 are a large family of viruses. They consist of the core of genetic material surrounded by an envelope with protein spikes. This gives the appearance of a crown, and hence, this is how the virus is named. The virus causes illness ranging from cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-Cov) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARD-CoV).
From where Covid-19 came ?
The first case of the novel virus was founded in Wuhan, China, but now this deadly virus is reported to many countries. In December 2010, investigators found that there was a cluster of pneumonia cases in China caused by an unknown virus which is now known as Coronavirus or Covid-19. It originated with people with pneumonia who had been associated with seafood and the live animal market in Wuhan, China. Diseases then spread through people who were sick to family members, others, and healthcare workers. The exact transmission of this virus is yet to be determined. Today, authorities in 167 countries and territories have reported more than 193,475 affected cases and a death ratio of 7,864.
How does it spread ?
The coronavirus appears to spread from person to person among those in close contact. It is spread by respiratory droplets when someone is infected with the virus cough or sneezes or something that is being contaminated by the virus. It is still unclear exactly how contagious the virus is.
How to protect yourself and others from this pandemic virus ?
There are several preventive measures that you can take to prevent new Covid-19.
Wash your hands frequently
Frequently clean your hands with an alcohol-based or rub or wash them with soap or water.
Why? Washing or rubbing your hand with an alcohol based kills the virus that may have turned up in your hands.
Cover your mouth while coughing or sneezing
Covering your mouth while coughing or sneezing will prevent the virus from spreading to other people.
Avoid touching nose, eyes, and mouth
Your hand will touch many surfaces, and it can pick viruses from any surface. Once it is contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to eyes, nose, or mouth. And from this, the virus can enter your body, and you can fall sick.
Symptoms of virus ?
- High fever
- Dry cough
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Runny nose
- Sore throat In more severe cases, it can be
- Kidney failure
By far there is no treatment or vaccine found to treat Covid-19. So,
- No specific care
- No medicine
Treatments and vaccines are still under development.
Maintain social distancing
Covid-19 is spread by coming in close contact with infected people or by contamination. Social distancing is the best thing you can do to prevent spreading of this virus. Maintain at least 1 meter (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is sick, coughing, or sneezing. Because if someone coughs or sneezes they will spray small droplets from their nose or mouth which contain the virus. If you come in contact with that person, you can breathe those droplets, including the virus.
Practice respiratory hygiene
Make sure, you and others around you follow strict hygiene practices. Covering mouth, using sanitizer, wear face mask if you are sick, and food hygiene. If you have a cough, sneeze, feverimmediately contact a doctor.
Don’t panic, take precautions !
Stay informed about the latest covid-19 updates. Strictly follow guidelines provided by healthcare providers, our national and local public health authority on how to protect yourself and others from this pandemic.
Social distancing is the key to fight against this new covid-19. India,it's a wake up call, self-isolate and help India fight against the virus. Follow guidelines of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Find out what Prime Minister Narendra Modi says on Covid-19.